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Bootloader

 
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The Bootloader is the first piece of code being executed at startup. Its main purpose is to load and start the OS (WinCE, Linux or others). The Bootloader is also the place where various settings can be changed. These settings are stored in the Config Block. There are basically two ways to change settings:

Booting non-WinCE OS from EBoot (including Linux)

To boot a non-WinCE OS from Eboot, the OS binary needs to be modified before it is downloaded to the target hardware.
See the description of the Windows desktop tool CreateTBin.

The modified OS image OSbinary_TBin.bin can be downloaded to the target hardware by using the Colibri Loader Tool.

EBoot Behavior While Booting Linux

If Eboot finds an OS image that was tagged to be "Linux" (using the CreateTBin utility), the following parameters are set up:

Arguments Passed From EBoot to the OS

Before the bootloader passes control to the operating system, it sets up a list of parameters in the RAM and CPU registers.

CPU RegisterContent
r00x00000000 (constant)
r1Linux machine number
0x000002d9 = PXA270
0x0000053C = PXA320
0x00000000 = other
r2pointer to ATAG list

ATAG List

The ATAG list is a linked list of parameter blocks.

It contains information about the system, the memory configuration, serial number, as well as a variable command line.

The format of the list is made compatible to common Linux implementations.

OffsetContentDescription
0size1Number of DWORDs, including header
4tagsee ATAG list below
8datadepending on the tag
(4*size1)+0size2Number of DWORDs, including header
(4*size1)+4tagsee ATAG list below
(4*size1)+8datadepending on the tag
...
n+0size2Number of DWORDs, including header
n+4ATAG_NONEmarks end of the list

At the time of writing this article, the following ATAG parameter blocks were defined:

Tag ValueTag Description
0x00000000ATAG_NONE
0x54410001ATAG_CORE
0x54410002ATAG_MEM
0x54410006ATAG_SERIAL
0x54410009ATAG_CMDLINE

Kernel Args for Linux

Kernel args for Linux are passed in the ATAG list described above. To be more precise, it is stored in the block ATAG_CMDLINE.

The command line passed to the OS can be changed by using the Eboot commandline. See [[Setconfig_Command]].

Go to the command promt of the Eboot and type the following:

set karg.arg="your kernel args"
save karg

EBoot Behavior While Booting Other OS

If Eboot finds an OS image that was tagged to be anything else than "Linux" (using the CreateTBin utility), there is no special behavior.

Eboot just launches the OS as it does with WinCE.