Kynetics is a leading software development company providing customized U-Boot, Secure Boot, Drivers, Linux Kernel, Android HAL, and embedded Android and Linux Operating Systems for the Toradex Apalis and Colibri family of product lines for our customers’ projects in various industries. These projects incorporate Colibri SoMs featuring NXP i.MX6 and i.MX7 and Apalis SoMs featuring i.MX6 and i.MX8. In addition, to help speed up development to production timelines, Kynetics offers an over-the-air embedded OS builds delivery platform: Update Factory, which includes support for both Android and Linux.
Kynetics has built a vanilla image of Android Nougat 7.1.2 supporting Toradex hardware for evaluation. It is pretty exciting to share with all of you this work done by Kynetics and to give you the chance to enjoy Android on Toradex embedded systems.
This image supports OTA updates through Kynetics Update Factory. To learn more, check the article Update Factory Client for Android Embedded Devices.
The following Computer on Modules are supported:
Modules supported with flashing instructions alternative to Toradex Easy Installer. For flashing instructions, see the Kynetics documentation respective to each module, available in the Toradex Android article:
A section in the end of this guide provides instructions about display and touch screen configuration.
This section provides instructions for you to quickly get started with the Kynetics Android demo image.
Load the Toradex Easy Installer on the target module and select Kynetics Android from the list of available images.
Once the installation finishes, power-cycle the board and Android will start. You can then interact with the Android user interface either from a touchscreen or a mouse and keyboard setup.
To deploy and debug apps, connect the board to your computer using a micro-USB to USB cable and remove the jumper short-circuit in JP2 on Ixora:
Note: This article is not meant as an introduction to Android development. If you have questions, go through its comprehensive documentation.
To avoid issues when deploying the app to the actual hardware, go through the following article:
Note: If your host OS is Ubuntu,
apt-get install adb might do the trick.
Download, install and start Android Studio. Once it starts you will see a welcome screen. Choose the option Import an Android code sample:
Select a sample of your choice. In this article we will build and deploy the Sunflower sample app:
Wait for the Gradle build to finish. The outcome is a view of the IDE. Click the Run button in the top-right corner of the IDE:
Select the Toradex SoM from the list of Connected Devices, click OK and wait for the app to start:
Register at Update Factory for a trial.
The Partner Demo Image comes with the Update Factory service and UI client pre-installed. If you ever need to re-install or update them, have a look at the dropdown below:
It is then possible to add devices to your targets. At the dashboard, click the plus (+) sign on targets panel and follow the instructions.
To connect the device to the dashboard, a configuration file has to be pushed to Android's file system. Follow this article to create the ufConf.conf file according to your security keys, then push it to the device:
adb push ufConf.conf /sdcard/UpdateFactoryConfiguration/ufConf.conf
Your ufConf.conf file should be similar to:
tenant=<Your Tenant> url=https://personal.updatefactory.io/ controllerId=<Chosen Controller ID> gatewayToken=<From System Config> targetToken=<From Device Details> apiMode=true enable=true updateFactoryServer=true
Reboot the system to apply the file change. It is now possible to check the current communication status from the UI application or from Android's notification system. For a comprehensive list of Machine States, go through Kynetics's own documentation. If the log says (WAITING, SLEEP_REQUEST) -> WAITING, the system has connected to the dashboard and is ready for receiving instructions. If it raises an error, recheck your ufConf.conf file with the documentation.
The following video shows how to send OTA updates to the devices. Just drag a distribution from the distribution's list to target module and choose between a soft or forced update, according to the video. Follow the prompts on the android device. For more information, be sure to visit Update Fatory's documentation page.
From now onwards, you are able to use Android development tools to create your own Android apps. Refer to the Android developer website for documentation.
For more information about how to get this demonstration image supported and customized, get in contact with Kynetics.
This section provides information on how to configure the display and touch screen. Kynetics kindly provides detailed instructions about how to do it in its article Android Nougat for Toradex Apalis i.MX6Q.
See the section Configure the touch controller from the Kynetics article:
See the section Q&A from the Kynetics article:
This Partner Demo Image is subject to the terms of the Kynetics Software License Agreement, provided either from the download link in the Android Nougat for Toradex Apalis i.MX6Q article, or during the installation from the Toradex Easy Installer online feeds.